||194 m s.l.m.
||66 km in direzione Nord-Sud
The lake goes back to Ice Era.
On the eastern side its shores are in Lombardia, on the western they are in Piedmont while in the northern side they are part of the Helvetian Confederation (Switzerland).
Its major tributary and contemporaneously, outlet is the Ticino River.
The unique physical and landscape configuration of the lake, the presence of mountains and hills that protects it from the Nordic rigors and make the climate mild, the existence of tributaries like the Ticino - which is navigable, becoming with the entire basin an important artery between the Po lowlands and the Central Europe - all these factors fostered human settlements on the Lake.
The history of human settlements on the Maggiore dates back to the pre-historic civilization of Golasecca (Iron Age) to the Celts, to the Romans - who made in the 11th Augustan District, and so on from the important ecclesiastical organizations of the orders in the Middle Ages to the battles between Visconti and Torriani, finally affirmed by the Borromeos and by the passage of the northern area to the Swiss in the 16th century.
In the 17th the western shore was part of the Savoy dynasty, and that of the eastern to the Austrian Dominion which, excluding the twenty year Napoleonic period endured up until the Renaissance wars.
In the 19th century the tourist calling was affirmed with tremendous development of villas, parks and grand hotels.
WHAT TO VISIT
ARONA: Colossus of St. Charles Borromeo
ANGERA: Rocca Borromeo
SANTA CATERINA: Hermitage of Santa Caterina del Sasso
STRESA: Botanical Park of Villa Pallavicino
CARCIANO: Cableway to Alpinia Botanical Gardens and
ISOLA BELLA: Borromeo palace and gardens
ISOLA SUPERIORE: A typical fishing village
ISOLA MADRE: Borromeo palace and garden
PALLANZA: Landscape Museum
VILLA TARANTO: Botanical Gardens
CANNERO RIVIERA: Castles Cannero ruins of medieval castles
LUINO: On Wednesday the international market
CANNOBIO: Santuario della Pietà
BRISSAGO ISLANDS: Botanical Park of Canton Ticino
MAGADINO: Natural Reserve “Bolle di Magadino”
LOCARNO: Sanctuary Madonna del Sasso